CLAT Syllabus 2022

The Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is one of the most widely taken law entrance tests in the country. For most students, the aim of attempting the CLAT is to get into National Law Universities (NLUs). As there exists a cut-throat competition, students need to have a thorough understanding of the syllabus to get into the faculty of law in National Law Institutions of their choice. This blog will provide a detailed syllabus for CLAT UG. It was prepared by studying the previous years’ question papers of CLAT from 2010 to 2021.
The blog highlights various points that should be considered when the CLAT syllabus is in question.

In this blog, you’ll see the division of different categories and sub-categories of the CLAT syllabus. You will be able to see the most relevant topics from each subject.

The CLAT UG Syllabus contains topics such as the English language, Current affairs including General Knowledge, Legal Reasoning, Logical Reasoning, and Quantitative Techniques.


In the CLAT UG test, an examinee has 120 minutes to answer 150 multiple-choice questions carrying 1 mark each.


For each answer marked correctly, a +1 mark will be rewarded.
There will be a negative marking of 0.25 marks for every answer marked wrong.

Subjects and no. Of questions.
English Language – 28-32 questions,
Current Affairs, including General Knowledge – 35-39 questions
Legal Reasoning – 35-39 questions
Logical Reasoning – 28-32 questions
Quantitative Techniques – 13-17 questions

1. English Language:

According to the Consortiumofnlus (which is the regulatory and conducting authority of the Common Law Admission Test), you will be provided passages of about 450 woCLAT EXAM – THE EASY GUIDE FOR BEGINNERSrds each. These passages will be derived from contemporary or historically significant fiction and non-fiction writing and would be of a standard that a 12th standard student may be able to read in about 5-7 minutes.
Each passage will be followed by a series of questions which will range somewhere between 3 and 5
This section primarily focuses on testing the reading and comprehension skills of the examinee.
The questions will require you to demonstrate your comprehension and language skills, and abilities to:
– Comprehend the central theme,
– Viewpoints and arguments set out in the passage,
– Draw inferences and conclusions based on the passage,
– Summarize the passage.
– Compare and contrast the different arguments and viewpoints
– Understand the meaning and context of words, phrases, idioms, etc. used in the passage.

The updated or revised CLAT syllabus 2022 has eliminated a lot of topics from this section which has in a way reduced the boundaries of the syllabus but at the same time, has broadened the existing topics covered under the syllabus to enhance the depth of this particular section.

Below is the list of topics that have been eliminated from the new syllabus of CLAT 2022:
1. Sentence-correction
2. Cloze Test
3. Fill in the blanks
4. Phrase replacement
5. Error spotting
6. Sentence sequential arrangement
7. Choose the correct sentence.

Study Material to help you with this section :

1. Word Power Made Easy by Norman Lewis
2. High School English Grammar and Composition by Wren & Martin
3. English newspaper – The Hindu or The Indian Express
4. Editorials and articles published in newspapers and magazines

What is expected of you in this section?
– This section expects you to develop fast reading skills and the ability to comprehend complex texts.
– It also demands proper and detailed preparation.

The total weightage of this section is 20%.
The difficulty level of the questions is set according to the 12th standard.

Tips to Remember:
– A smart student would not only write down and mark what to read in a syllabus but also take into consideration what not to read, what is time-consuming, which topics are easy to handle and score, what are her/his strengths, etc.
– The most practical and efficient way to approach comprehension is to read through its question first and then start with the comprehension. In that way, a student would already know what the question is, and 90% of the time this works. However, it is imperative that the student is attentive when attempting the question.

2. CLAT Current Affairs Syllabus, including General Knowledge:

According to the Consortium of NLUs, this section will have passages of up to 450 words each. The passages will be derived from:
1. News
2. Journalistic sources
3. other non-fiction writing.

The questions may include an examination of legal information or knowledge discussed in or related to the passage. However, they would not require any additional knowledge of the law beyond the passage.

Each passage will be followed by a series of questions that will require you to demonstrate your awareness of various aspects of current affairs and general knowledge, including:
1. Contemporary events of significance from India and the world;
2. Arts and culture;
3. International affairs; and
4. Historical events of continuing significance.

The study material to help you through this section is:
1. Lucent’s General Knowledge
2. Newspapers – The Hindu or The Indian Express or any other reliable newspaper
3. Websites on current affairs
4. NCERT books for understanding basic geography, history, polity, and economics

What is expected of you in this section?
This section expects you to have a conceptual understanding instead of rote learning. So, one must prepare for this section in a detailed manner.
Reading newspaper articles and editorials is a non-negotiable element of this entire preparation.

The difficulty level of the questions is set according to the 12th standard.
The total weightage given to this section is 25%.

Tips to remember:
-Quite often, questions aren’t directly in this section, one must develop an understanding and this will come by solving the previous year’s question paper.

Topics to be studied
– National & International Affairs
– Schemes
– Science & Technology
– Summits & Conferences
– Sports
– Awards & Honours
– Arts & Culture
– Important Historical Events

3. Legal Reasoning:

The consortium of NLUs says that in this section, the examinee is expected to read passages of around 450 words each. The passages may relate to:
1. Fact
2. Situations or scenarios involving legal matters, public policy questions, or moral philosophical inquiries.
3. Any static or current topic/news related to the field of law

You will not require any prior knowledge of the law. You will benefit from a general awareness of contemporary legal and moral issues to better apply general principles or propositions to the given fact scenarios.

Each passage would be followed by a series of questions that will require you to:
1. Identify and infer the rules and principles set out in the passage;
2. Apply such rules and principles to various fact situations; and
3. Understand how changes to the rules or principles may alter their application to various fact situations (which may be real or hypothetical).

The study material that will help you is:
– Bare Acts of the Indian Constitution
– Legal Awareness and Legal Aptitude books
– Universal’s CLAT Guide
– Newspapers – The Hindu or The Indian Express
– Websites on current affairs for CLAT and legal issues

What is expected of you in this section?
It will have questions testing the candidate’s understanding of the law and its various aspects. The legal aptitude section will test the candidate’s knowledge of the law on one hand, and his/her awareness of current legal issues on the other hand. Thus, candidates will have to prepare for both types of questions.

Topics one must go through are:
– Important Supreme Court Judgments;
– Important and recent acts and amendments of the legislature;
– Important topics from Contract law, Criminal law, tort law, and Constitutional law;
– Legal GK and current affairs;
– International treaties and conventions affecting national legal framework etc.
– Fundamental Rights, Duties, Judiciary, Parliament, Directive Principles of State Policy, Local governments.

The difficulty level of the questions is set according to the 12th standard.
The total weightage given to this section is 25%.

Tips to remember:
– This section doesn’t require any prior knowledge of Law. Its sole aim is to test your judgment ability.
– It is a lengthy section, it is advisable to go through the question banks, test series, and previous year’s questions as well.

4. Logical Reasoning:

The consortium says that the Logical Reasoning section of the UG-CLAT will include a series of short passages of about 300 words each. Each passage will be followed by one or more questions that will require you to:

1. Recognize an argument, its premises, and conclusions;
2. Read and identify the arguments set out in the passage;
3. Critically analyze patterns of reasoning, and assess how conclusions may depend on particular premises or evidence;
4. Infer what follows from the passage and apply these inferences to new situations;
5. Draw relationships and analogies, identify contradictions and equivalence, and assess the effectiveness of arguments.

The study material that will help you is:
1. Verbal and Non-Verbal Reasoning by RS Aggarwal
2. Analytical and Logical Reasoning by R.S. Aggarwal
3. Analytical Reasoning by MK Pandey

What is expected of you in this section?
Candidates must practice the questions they will see on the exam. CLAT syllabus includes a few topics in logical reasoning, candidates will need to identify them by analyzing the previous year’s questions and then practice similar questions

The most important topics include:
Statement & Assumption
Statement & Course of Action
Statement & Arguments
Seating Arrangement
Cause & Effect
Statement & Inference
Weakening & Strengthening argument
Blood relations
Logical sequences and matching
Calendars and clocks

The difficulty level of the questions is set according to the 12th standard.
The total weightage given to this section is 20%.

Tips to remember:
– Learn tips on blood relations and seating arrangements from various YouTube channels. Remember the short tricks of the clock and calendars.

5. Quantitative Techniques:

The Consortium says The Quantitative Techniques section of the UG-CLAT 2022 will include short sets of facts or propositions, graphs, or other textual, pictorial, or diagrammatic representations of numerical information, followed by a series of questions.

Candidates will be required to derive information from such passages, graphs, or other representations, and apply mathematical operations to such information.

The questions will require candidates to:
1. Derive,
2. infer, and manipulate numerical information set out in such passages, graphs, or other representations; and
3. Apply various 10th standard mathematical operations on such information, including from areas such as ratios and proportions, basic algebra, mensuration, and statistical estimation.

The study material that will help you is:
1. Quantitative Aptitude by RS Aggarwal
2. Elementary Mathematics with Numerical Ability
3. Class 10th NCERT Textbook

What is expected of you in this section?
– to learn basic mathematical operations

The most important topics to study are:
– Ratios and proportions,
– Basic algebra,
– Mensuration
– Statistical estimation
– Algebra
– Pie Chart,
– Bar Graph
– Line Graph
– Table Chart
– Mixed Graphs
– Caselet D.I. (Passage Based)

The difficulty level of the questions is set according to the 10th standard.
The total weightage given to this section is 10%.

Tips to Remember:
– Like the name, Quantitative Techniques, suggests, the candidate is required to apply various mathematical techniques and formulas to reach the correct conclusion.
– Attempt various mock tests and previous years’ questions to understand the kind of questions that are asked in this section.

Also read-

Best Law Course after 12th – Admission, Eligibility, Fees, Exams

How to Prepare for CLAT 2022: Best Tips, Books, Planning, Syllabus

Best CLAT Coaching Institutes In Delhi- Clatexam (Top 5 CLAT Coaching in Delhi)

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